We recommend great reading on polish social entrepreneurship sector by PhD Marzena Starnawska from Gdansk Technical University. Her paper:  THEORIZING ON SOCIAL ENTERPRISE BEHAVIORS IN CHALLENGING ENVIRONMENTS – EVIDENCE FROM FIVE SOCIAL COOPERATIVES IN POLAND concentrates on the following:THEORIZING ON SOCIAL ENTERPRISE BEHAVIORS IN CHALLENGING ENVIRONMENTS – EVIDENCE FROM FIVE SOCIAL COOPERATIVES IN POLAND

 

Entrepreneurial behaviour in challenging institutional environments have been widely investigated in the literature. One of the characteristics of these environments is resource scarcity. This is particularly valid in the context of social entrepreneurship and social enterprises. The aim of this paper is to identify entrepreneurial behaviours in social entrepreneurship and what is happening behind these processes in the context of transition country, against the backdrop of challenging environment and weak institutional framework in particular in Poland. We use a purposive sample of 5 social cooperatives, and report the data from several in-depth interviews with their representatives as well as an observation from the cooperatives. We have attempted to widen the existing categories on entrepreneurial behaviour namely boundary blurring and diversification, and discuss them in social entrepreneurship context.

 

Read the full text here: Theorizing on social enterprise behaviors in Poland

 

Marzena Starnawska, 2015.
"Theorizing On Social Enterprise Behaviors In Challenging Environments – Evidence From Five Social Cooperatives In Poland,"
GUT FME Working Paper Series A 28, Faculty of Management and Economics, Gdansk University of Technology.
<https://ideas.repec.org/p/gdk/wpaper/28.html>